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Everything you need to know about Root Canal
Everything you need to know about Root Canal

Root Canal is a Dental procedure to treat the infected tooth and prevent the bacterial infection in the future by keeping the natural teeth.
In this procedure , the inflamed pulp is removed and the inside areas are cleaned properly and the filling and sealing process are done.

The Doctors who are specialized in this treatment ,  an endodontist will carefully remove the inflmable or infected pulp from the root of the teeth and seal the space with filling. This procedure helps to get rid of the pain and restores the health of your infected tooth.

What is Root Canal?

To understand the Root Canal Treatment let us first go through the anatomy of the tooth. The root of the tooth has a soft tissue/pulp under the white layer (Enamel) and the hard layer (Dentin).

The pulp is important for the growth and deveopment of the teeth. It extends from the crown till the root and creates the hard tissues. However once the teeth has developed and matured it can survive without the pulp. When this pulp or soft tissues in the root are infected or inflamed , you will exoerience tooth decay and teeth pain. At this moment , the Dentist will recommend you to do the Root Canal Treatment. If this is not treated it will cause more pain and other serious dental problems.

Symptoms that says you need a Root Canal

  • Experiencing teeth pain during chewing and biting.
  • Swollen and Infected Gums.
  • Tooth decay and dark gums.
  • Feeling sensitivity while having hot or cold foods.
  • Chipped / Cracked tooth.
  • Loosened tooth.
  • Pimple on the gums.

Is Root Canal Painful

Root Canal is performed to eliminate the teeth pain and save the infected teeth without removing it. Since the anesthetics are provided ,most people feel comfortable during the procedure. If you had pain and before the treatment you may experience slight sensitivity for few days in the tooth where root canal is done. Most of the people feel instant relief from the teeth pain after the Root Canal Procedure.

Duration Of Root Canal Treatment

The duration of the treatment depends upon the amount of pulp infected in your teeth. It may take 1 or 2 appointments complte the procedure. On average, the root canal treatment may take 30 to 60 minutes , however if there are any extra fillings or crown required the duration may vary accordingly.

Step by Step Procedures of Root Canal

Before beginning with the Root Canal Treatment , the Dental Specialist will take an X-ray Scan of your teeth to confirm the case and the infection areas if any and check for the best possible way to treat it. Here are the steps that are performed during the treatment.

  • A sheet like structure called rubber dam is placed on the tooth to prevent the contamination and the dam also helps to keep the area dry and isolated the tooth from other parts.
  • The first step is to remove the pulp from the tooth before which anesthetic will be given to numb the treatment area.
  • Dentist will Recommend you sedation if you have dental anxiety.
  • A small opening is made which is called Access hole in the crown of the tooth to access the pulp.
  • Next step is to remove the pulp which is done using a specialized small instruments.
  • After the pulp has removed ,the canals and the pulp area are properly cleaned and disinfected and shaped.
  • The Space here is then filled with dental material.
  • After filling the tooth , a temporary dental filling is added to seal the space and prevent it from future bacterial infections.
  • The final step is to place the dental crown on top of the filling to protect the treated area.
Root Canal Step by step procedures


The only alternative for the Root Canal Treatment is Tooth Extraction. Sometimes when Root Canal won't be able to save your teeth and the only option that is good for your oral health will be removing the teeth and replacing it with the dental procedures such as dental crown or bridges. Root Canal or Tooth Extraction? Confused which one to choose ? Visit our Dental Specialist Today.

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